Difference between Bacteria and Viruses and How to Protect Your Facility

Invisible to the naked eye and dangerous to human health, viruses and bacteria are to be avoided. Both viruses and bacteria can cause a fever, a cough or severe ailment. Yet, several distinctions separate bacteria from viruses. Here’s how to protect a commercial facility from both.

Viruses and bacteria are microscopic. In fact, a microscope is necessary to see them. Despite sharing a similar particle size, viruses and bacteria are as different as night and day. When a person is infected with either, the immune system responds by trying to eliminate the infectious organisms.

What is the anatomy of bacteria?

Bacteria are single-celled organisms that have existed for about 3.5 billion years on earth. These complex creatures feature a rigid wall and a rubbery membrane that holds the fluid inside the cell. Bacteria are able to reproduce on their own.

A diverse range of environments can nurture bacteria. These include extremely hot or cold settings, radioactive waste and the human body. Most bacteria do not pose a threat to humans. Only less than one percent of bacteria are disease-causing agents.

A number of bacteria are even beneficial. In humans, the healthy bacteria help to digest food. Some bacteria can even fight microbes that cause disease. Certain bacteria are known to fight cancer cells. Good bacteria provide a range of essential nutrients.

What is the anatomy of viruses?

coronavirus and Commercial disinfection cleaning by ServiceMaster-DAKViruses are tiny, too, but much more minute than the smallest of bacteria. These organisms feature only a protein coat and genetic material, such as RNA or DNA, at their core. Unlike bacteria, viruses rely on the nourishment provided by a host—viruses cannot live without a host cell.

Virus replication relies on parasitic tendencies. Once viruses attach to cells, they program the cells to manufacture new viruses. This aggressive reproduction method causes the cells to die. Alternately, viruses may turn normal cells into life-threatening cancerous or malignant cells.

Unlike bacteria, most viruses are harmful to human health. Disease-causing viruses are fussy about which human cells they attack. Viruses may specifically target cells in the liver, blood or respiratory system. In other instances, viruses can focus their attacks on bacteria.

What diseases are caused by bacteria and viruses?

Pathogenic bacteria cause disease in humans. If a person becomes ill, such as with meningitis, diarrhea or pneumonia, an accurate cause of the ailment will not be immediately apparent. This is because both viruses and bacteria can cause similar symptoms in the people they infect.

A visit to a physician, however, can pinpoint whether a virus or bacteria triggered the sickness. A doctor will take a blood or urine sample, perform a tissue culture test or do a tissue biopsy to determine the origins of the disease, specifically, whether viruses or bacteria are to blame.

For example, a doctor may discover that bacteria have caused an individual to experience symptoms associated with meningitis, strep throat or ear infections. Bacteria, like salmonella and e. coli, will cause food poisoning. Staphylococcus aureus triggers wound infections and pneumonia.

SARS-CoV-2 is the most notorious and devastating virus of our times. Contracting this virus can lead to severe cases of a Covid-19 infection. Other well-known viruses cause sicknesses, like influenza, chickenpox, HIV and hepatitis. Vaccines help control the spread of disease-causing viruses.

Where do bacteria and viruses live?

Bacteria survive primarily on porous surfaces, such as stuffed toys and clothing. The average lifespan of bacteria is a few hours. However, this limited space of time is sufficient to transmit the bacteria and cause a bacterial infection. High-touch spots teem with bacteria.

Viruses remain viable for varying lengths of time on nonporous surfaces. Flu viruses, for example, live only for one day. Cold viruses have a lifespan of up to one week. The coronavirus lives on a range of surfaces for different time periods, from a few hours to several days.

How do commercial facilities remain safe?

Given the highly infectious nature of bacteria and viruses, it is important that commercial spaces protect their employees, customers and visitors. The most effective way to safeguard people is to perform preventive cleanings and disinfections, especially on frequently touched surfaces.

fire dept disinfectionHiring a professional cleaning service to perform routine disinfections ensures that the building remains free from dangerous, disease-causing contaminants. Professional disinfection companies become even more critical when an employee, for instance, becomes sick with an infection, like Covid-19 or influenza.

Professional cleaners stay up to date on the latest news about viruses, like the coronavirus. Cleaning and disinfection crews are careful to use EPA-approved disinfectants, which are proven to fight against specific viruses and bacteria. Crews wear personal protective equipment as an added safety measure.

A commercial facility is susceptible to a host of bacteria and viruses. Preserve your employees’ and visitors’ health by scheduling regular disinfections and cleanings with ServiceMaster DAK. Our skilled technicians are experienced in disabling a range of well-known pathogens that can disrupt daily life.

ServiceMaster DAK specialists utilize the Clorox 360 electrostatic spray system to disinfect large vicinities. Our Clorox 360 Total Disinfectant disables viruses, like the coronavirus, and various pathogens. Once our techs have sprayed the area, staff, visitors, and customers can safely and immediately re-enter.

Clorox-Total-360-SystemOur spraying technique ensures full coverage, which means that all surfaces (sides, underside and top) and hard-to-reach areas undergo a thorough decontamination. The Clorox 360 electrostatic spray system in combination with the Clorox 360 Total Disinfectant is the most effective system on the market for disinfecting both the air and surfaces in a residential or commercial environment.

ServiceMaster DAK technicians wear appropriate PPE during all cleaning and disinfection procedures. The cleaning products we use are included in the EPAs Emerging Viral Pathogen Policy to ensure that dangerous viruses and bacteria are successfully eliminated from surfaces within your facility.

Preserve the health safety of your personnel by scheduling a preventive cleaning and disinfection of your Barrington or Buffalo Grove commercial property. We are available for emergency disinfection services, in the event an employee becomes ill with Covid-19. Call us today to schedule a cleaning.


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